Technical Report 2017-017

Parallel Solution Methods and Preconditioners for Evolution Equations

Owe Axelsson, Zhao-Zheng Liang, and Maya Neytcheva

September 2017


The recent development of the high performance computer platforms shows a clear trend towards heterogeneity and hierarchy. In order to utilize the computational power particular attention must be paid to finding new algorithms or adjust existing ones so that they better match the HPC computer architecture.

In this work we consider an alternative to classical time-stepping methods based on use of time-harmonic properties and discuss solution approaches that allow efficient utilization of modern HPC resources. The method in focus is based on a truncated Fourier expansion of the solution of an evolutionary problem. The analysis is done for linear equations and it is remarked on the possibility to use two- or multilevel methods for nonlinear problems, which can add to an even higher degree of parallelization.

The arising block matrix system to be solved admits a two-by-two block form with square blocks, for which a very efficient preconditioner exists. It leads to tight eigenvalue bounds for the preconditioned matrix and, hence, to a very fast convergence of a preconditioned Krylov subspace or iterative refinement method. The analytical background is shown as well as some illustrating numerical examples.

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